Kansas Tier II Reporting
Tier Ⅱ reporting in Kansas is required for any facility that stores hazardous chemicals that meet or exceed chemical thresholds. Under Section 312 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA), submission of a Tier Ⅱ form is required when working with hazardous chemicals. This form, known as the Emergency and Hazardous Chemical Inventory Forms, is used to notify state officials, local officials, and the general public regarding potential hazards.
Understanding Kansas’s Tier II Reporting Requirements
Who Needs to Report?
Any facility in Kansas that has hazardous substances equal to or greater than the established threshold amounts (listed below) must report.
- Any facility that stores 10,000 lbs or more of hazardous chemicals at any one time.
- Any facility that stores 500 lbs (or the threshold planning quantity, whichever is less) or more of extremely hazardous substances.
- Retail fuel stations with underground storage tanks need to report if they store:
- 75,000 gallons or more of gasoline
- 100,000 gallons or more of diesel fuel (all grades combined)
- The reporting thresholds in Kansas apply to the maximum quantity stored at a facility at any one time.
- Even if thresholds are met, chemicals with reporting exemptions do not need to be included
- Only facilities in Kansas meeting or exceeding the thresholds for at least one chemical must submit a Tier II report. Facilities below the thresholds for all chemicals are exempt.
- More information about reporting requirements in Kansas can be found here.
Types of Facilities Subject to Tier II Reporting
Here are some examples of facilities and chemicals that would require submitting a Tier II report in Kansas:
- Gas stations – petroleum products like gasoline, diesel, kerosene
- Chemical manufacturers – toxic chemicals like ammonia, chlorine, sulfuric acid
- Farms – ammonium nitrate, pesticides
- Wastewater treatment plants – chlorine, sodium hydroxide
- Oil refineries – crude oil, propane, benzene
- Food processors – ammonia used in refrigeration
- Hospitals – waste solvents, formaldehyde, infectious materials
- Battery manufacturers – sulfuric acid, lead
- Plastics manufacturers – styrene, polyethylene
- Paint facilities – xylene, methyl ethyl ketone
- Metal fabricators – acids, chromium, nickel
- Grain elevators – ammonium nitrate, phosphorus
- Beverage companies – ammonia, ethanol
The key is any facility with over-threshold quantities of hazardous chemicals like flammables, explosives, toxins, or reactives in storage tanks would need to submit a Tier II form.
Kansas’s Electronic Tier II Reporting System (Kansas Tier II form web-based)
Overview of the Kansas Tier II form
In Kansas, Tier II reports must be submitted online via Kansas’ web-based reporting system.
How to Submit a Tier II Report in Kansas
Here are the basic steps to submit a Tier II report online in KDEM using Tier2Submit Software:
- Go to the Kansas Division of Emergency Management (KDEM) website and access the Tier2 Submit link.
- Create an account if you are a new user or login with existing credentials.
- Select the correct reporting year in the drop down
- Locate the facility from the list, click ‘Update Facility’ and complete all sections of the online form:
- General facility information
- Facility contacts
- Chemical inventory
- Maps and additional attachments
- For the chemical inventory, enter the chemical name, CAS number, types and number of containers, and storage locations.
- You can save your progress and come back to complete the form.
- When done, go through the final screens to validate the data.
- Confirm the certification statement is accurate.
- Select the payment option and submit a credit card payment.
- Print or save a copy of the report and receipt for your records.
- A copy of the report must be sent to the LEPC and Fire Department.
- The cost to submit a Tier II report in Kansas depends on the total reported amounts of both Extremely Hazardous Substances (EHS) and Other Hazardous Chemicals. The fee for EHS ranges from $25 for 1-9,999 total pounds to $150 for greater than 1,000,000 total pounds. The fee for Other Hazardous Chemicals ranges from $25 for 10,000-99,999 total pounds to $300 for greater than 10,000,000 total pounds.
- Payment can be made via credit card or check.
Deadlines and Timelines for Tier II Reporting
Annual Reporting Deadline
In Kansas, the Tier II reporting deadline is due March 1, annually regarding information on hazardous chemicals present at the facility in the previous calendar year.
Additional Reporting Requirements
In addition to the standard annual Tier II reporting requirements in Kansas, there are some circumstances that require additional or updated reporting:
- Initial Notification: Facilities must submit a notification within 90 days after they first exceed reporting thresholds for any hazardous chemicals on site. The thresholds for this notification are the same as the Tier II thresholds.
- Emergency Planning Notification: Facilities must submit a notification within 60 days after they bring an Extremely Hazardous Substance on-site in a quantity that exceeds its Threshold Planning Quantity.
Tips for Effective Tier II Reporting
Maintain Accurate Inventory Records
Starting early in collecting compliance data will help with making sure all the data is accurate and ready to go when the March 1st deadline comes around. A good rule of thumb is to have data ready to review the first week of January.
Understand State-Specific Reporting Requirements
Unlike many other states, Kansas has a state-specific reporting system. Reports must be sent separately to the LEPC and the Fire Department. Use this website to find your LEPC’s contact information.
Keep Copies of All Submitted Reports
Print and save a hard copy of the Tier II report for your records.
Common Mistakes in Tier II Reporting and How to Avoid Them
Incorrectly Estimating Quantity of Reportable Substances
It’s important to look at all chemicals across your equipment, departments, and processes. You also need to aggregate extremely hazardous substances that may exist at your facility in different capacities. For example, sulfuric acid could be stored in a drum. Also, if you have lead-acid batteries, you will need to take into account the sulfuric acid housed in the lead-acid batteries (if they are not exempt).
Be sure to check the EPA list of lists to double check if chemicals stored at your facility are an extremely hazardous substance (EHS).
Failing to Keep Up-To-Date with Changes in Regulations
Failure to report can result in Federal, state, and local penalties if an incident occurs and there is no Tier II report on file.
- Submit Tier II reports on time by March 1 deadline.
- Ensure all hazardous chemicals above reporting thresholds are included.
- Completely omitting chemicals or the full report leads to the highest fines.
- Even small errors like one chemical can still incur sizable penalties.
- Follow EPCRA closely to avoid violations and protect your business finances.
Penalties for Non-Compliance with Tier II Reporting in Kansas
Potential Fines and Legal Consequences
Here are some potential legal consequences for failure to comply with Tier II reporting requirements in Kansas:
- Civil Penalties: Kansas civil penalties are up to $25,000 per violation per day, mirroring the federal limit.
- Criminal Penalties: Criminal penalties for EPCRA violations in Kansas can result in fines of up to $50,000 and/or 5 years imprisonment.
- Citizen Lawsuits: Citizens can sue facilities for failure to report hazardous chemicals under EPCRA Section 326. This may seek to force compliance and cover litigation costs.
- Increased Insurance Rates: Insurers may increase premiums if they determine non-compliance increases risk.
- Permit Actions: Violations can impact the ability to obtain environmental permits or lead to revocation of existing permits.
- Future Business Prospects: Non-compliance may damage reputation and ability to secure financing.
- Litigation Risk: Lack of reporting could increase liability in an emergency situation or chemical release.
Impact on Community Safety and Emergency Preparedness
Here are some examples in Kansas that illustrate the importance of Tier II reporting for community safety and emergency preparedness:
- El Dorado Chemical Co. Explosion: In 2004 a chemical plant explosion in El Dorado killed 1 worker and injured dozens. It was later found the company failed to disclose accurate chemical inventory in their Tier II report, hampering emergency response.
- Andover Tornado: In 1991, an EF5 tornado hit Andover, damaging a chemical facility. Because of incomplete Tier II data, firefighters were unaware of chemical threats and 150 suffered toxic exposure.
- Hutchinson Pepper Plant Fire: In 2009 a fire at a pepper plant involved unreported anhydrous ammonia tanks, putting firefighters at risk. The owner was later fined $16,000 for Tier II violations.
- Coffeyville Amazon Warehouse Fire: A 2007 warehouse fire involved unreported ammonia tanks. First responders lacked key data, delaying evacuation orders.